The use of enzymes in Biotechnology has grown substantially due to their effectiveness at mild conditions compared to traditional chemicals. The advantage of enzymes over other biological processes is that their action is specific and can be better controlled to achieve the desired results. Enzymes comes in different forms, i.e. liquid, granulated, immobilized, etc.
In the brewing process, enzymes are used in adjunct liquefaction, mashing, saccharification and maturation processes to minimize the processing costs. Typical enzymes classes are α-amylases, β-amylases, β-glucanases, amyloglucosidases, Acetolactatedecarboxylase, etc.
In starch processing application, enzymes are used to replace the acid-process for starch liquefaction and sugar production. The specificity of enzymes makes it easy to produce specific polysaccharides or specific sugars, i.e. sucrose, maltose,etc.
The use of enzymes in laundry detergents was initiated by Novozymes. In this sector, enzymes became popular because of their effectiveness in stain removal. Enzymes have proved to be also effective in dishwashing, professional laundry, etc. The growing environmental concerns about the impact of chemicals used in detergents have put a lot of pressure on manufactures to reduce or eliminate the use of some components. Recent studies have proven that enzymes can become an important tool in detergent reformulation by reducing environmentally unfriendly chemicals used in detergents. Typical enzymes used are proteases, amylases, lipases, pectinases, cellulases, etc.